The New Testament

I never really bothered to look up the meaning of the old testament and the new testament in regard to the naming of the books of the Bible before and after Jesus.

Mat 26:28

(KJV) For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
(ESV,NASB) For this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

So in any case, here’s the Greek for the pertinent words:

New — G2537 — καινός — kainos — kahee-nos’
Of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while G3501 is properly so with respect to age): – new.

Testament — G1242 — διαθήκη — diathēkē — dee-ath-ay’-kay
From G1303; properly a disposition, that is, (specifically) a contract (especially a devisory will): – covenant, testament.

Shed — G1632 — ἐκχέω, ἐκχύνω — ekcheō  ekchunō — ek-kheh’-o, ek-khoo’-no
From G1537 and χέω cheō (to pour); to pour forth; figuratively to bestow: – gush (pour) out, run greedily (out), shed (abroad, forth), spill.

Remission — G859 — ἄφεσις — aphesis — af’-es-is
From G863; freedom; (figuratively) pardon: – deliverance, forgiveness, liberty, remission.

Sins — G266 — ἁμαρτία — hamartia — ham-ar-tee’-ah
From G264; sin (properly abstract): – offence, sin (-ful).

Sins is from G264 — ἁμαρτάνω — hamartanō — ham-ar-tan’-o
Perhaps from G1 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin: – for your faults, offend, sin, trespass.

Which is consistent with Romans 3:23 “for all [a]have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,”

Basically, just straight forward insight in what Jesus was actually doing by coming by the will of the Father and dying. The old covenant is fulfilled and the new covenant is here, through Jesus’ blood sacrifice as all humans sin and are not perfect like God.

edit: As I go through the New Testament it’s very interesting to see how consistent the ideas, themes, and fundamental points of Christianity are even between multiple authors. I suppose that’s why it is said the Scriptures are inspired by God.

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7 Responses to The New Testament

  1. Looking Glass says:

    The story of the rise of the New Testament is actually pretty straight forward. Everyone pretty quickly agreed on what was “inspired” and what was “not”.

    Have you gotten to Hebrews yet? 1:1-4 should be fun.

  2. Nah, aiming to hit about a chapter or hopefully couple a day. Almost finished with Matthew, but I do hop around a lot for the posts I write.

    I’ll probably check it out tomorrow.

  3. Chad says:

    I have a request if you’re hopping around. I’d be curious to see your insight on the centurion’s request for the servant. The modern world, much like the Jewish one; would likely classify him as the anti-thesis of Christ. Yet this is not the case, and Christ praises him for a faith that is not held by any in Israel. The Centurion also would be closer aligned with what we consider masculine and similar to one of the Old Testament Patriarchs than any of Jesus’s disciples until the descent of the Holy Ghost.

    Obviously, I find the man fascinating, despite his only getting a small number of verses. Hence why I thought your insight with Greek might go further.

  4. Pingback: Biblical Patriarchy | From the Depths To the Wilderness

  5. Pingback: Unity Part 3 — The Church | Reflections on Christianity and the manosphere

  6. Pingback: The godliness of Jesus Part 9 — Sermon on the Mount | Reflections on Christianity and the manosphere

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